Legal Nonconforming Uses (LNCU)
Applications are available on our Applications & Forms page.
LEGALLY ESTABLISHED NONCONFORMING BUILDING OR STRUCTURE
Any continuous, lawfully established building or structure erected or constructed prior to the time of adoption, revision or amendment, or granted a variance of the zoning ordinance, but which fails, by reason of such adoption, revision, amendment or variance, to conform to the present requirements of the zoning district
LEGALLY ESTABLISHED NONCONFORMING USE
Any continuous, lawful land use having commenced prior to the time of adoption, revision or amendment or granted a variance of the zoning ordinance, but which fails, by reason of such adoption, revision, amendment, or variance to conform to the present requirements of the zoning district.
A nonconforming use is the use of a particular parcel of land that is not permitted by the current zoning requirements of the applicable zoning classification. Nonconforming uses may or may not include nonconforming development standards. There may also be nonconforming sites, whose use is conforming, but whose development standards may not conform to current ordinances.
If a nonconforming use has existed continually since a date prior to April 8, 1969 and has not been the subject of a public health or safety violation or other action relating to activity occurring on the property or condition of the property, a legal nonconforming use certificate can be issued. The nonconforming use certificate is an exception to the Ordinance, which permits the legalization of uses, structures, and development standards regardless of whether or not they were legal at the time of construction. However, the legal non-conforming use certificate does not allow a structure to be rebuilt if destruction exceeds 2/3rds of the total floor area. Only a variance of use and sometimes a rezoning can allow a 100% rebuild of a property after total destruction occurs. A rezoning sometimes does not permit a 100% rebuild, because nonconforming development standards (like setbacks) may not be able to be replicated.
In order to submit an application, the following items are required to be submitted:
Additional Required Information
In order for an application for a certificate to be considered, the following evidence must also be provided at the time of application:
Public notice is provided for a LNCU petition only after it has been approved. Then a copy of the decision is provided to all registered neighborhood groups whose boundaries include the subject site.
After a certificate is issued, the property owner must record it in the Marion County Recorder's Office.
A petitioner or remonstrator (anyone opposing a decision) has the right to appeal any decision related to a legal non-conforming use petition to the Board of Zoning Appeals, within 60 calendar days of the decision. An appeal requires the filing of an approval petition, with a fee of $99.